Bird Paradise, Izmir


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Bird Paradise, located 15 km west of Karşıyaka, is an area of coastal marshes and salt fields that is preserved as an important bird sanctuary - Bird Paradise of Izmir, which spreads over an area of 8,000 hectareses of birds have been breeding in the Park, placed under protection in Çamaltı salt pits territory (by Ministry of Forestry) in 1982.

Izmir's Bird Paradise is the result of the Gediz River depositing its silt where it meets the Aegean over thousands of years. Incredible numbers of birds, fish and other species depend on this paradise to live and breed.

The Gediz Delta is one of Turkey's and the world's most striking natural areas. Also known as the Izmir Bird Paradise the delta stretches from Bostanli shores to the Foca hills. There are approximately 250 types of birds (with an average yearly traffic of 50,000 birds) 314 plant types.

Bird Paradise is permanent and temporary home to hundreds of species of birds. Enthusiasts can spot many species, including Red Winged flamingos, Blackbirds, Dalmatian Pelicans, Ruddy Shelducks, Crakes, Magpies, Swallows, Coots, Plovers, Sand Martins, Great White Egrets, Black Storks, Grey Herons, Great Crested Grebes, Starlings, Kingfishers are some among the lists of birds.

Aswell as birds, many mammals, fish and reptile species take refuge in the delta and you may even see rabbits, foxes and wild boar on the hills.

The globally threatened Mediterranean Monk Seal is one of the most outstanding residents of the delta.


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Blue Tour
Homa Dalyan is one of the most important biologically diverse sections of the Gediz Delta locatd near Çamaltı Tuzlası. Dalyan is an alluvial fan created by the Gediz River. The Blue Tour takes you towards Homa Dalyan from the visitor center. While you are going to Homa Dalyan, it is possible to see a lot of water birds at saltpans. Sea wallflower which can blossom in March and April, accompanies you during the tour with their white and purple colors. While walking along the seaside, sea birds flying over you add to this impressive landscape. During the tour, you can see the birds at the Bird Observation Tower at Homa Dalyan. At the end of the tour, you have a privilege to see the most beautiful sunset as the while sun dips into the sea.

Green Tour
At Homa Dalyan shore, the Three Hills (Lodos, Orta and Poyraz Hills) were an island in ancient times, but today they are alluvium silt mounds. Lodos Hill is the best place to see Gediz Delta from bird's-eye view. The Green Tour, is the route to Lodos Hill at a distance of approximately 5 km from the visitor center. While you are going to Lodos Hill, the birds which are in between the saltpans accompany you. Before going to Lodos Hill, touring the ancient city Leukai is a benefit of the Green Tour. It is special opportunity to walk and see the beautiful plants along this colorful road. When you climb the top of the hill, the view will disappear momentarily but soon Gediz Delta will appear again with it's own special beauty.

Gediz Delta is surrounded in the north and northwest by the Foça Hill Area (300-400m.), Dumanlı Mountain (1091 m.) in the northeast, Yamanlar Mountain in the east (1075 m.), which is a range of Manisa Mountain. Three Hills are located beyond Homa and Dalyan Lagoons a few kilometers inside the coast. Three Hills (Lodos Hill, Poyraz Hill, Orta Hill, Abdullah Hill) are known as "Mirmekes" cliff in ancient times. At the north side of the lagoons, there are island hills know as Değirmendere Hill and Taşlı Hill. The hills which surround the Delta are made up of volcanic cliffs.

The Three Hills are one of the best areas to observe wildlife. Mammals like jackals and tuskers, including many plant and birds species can be seen.

Some birds species seen in Summer:
Black-headed Bunting, Golden Oriole, Lesser Whitethroat, Sardinian Warbler, Swallow, Red-rumped Swallow, Pied Wagtail, Nightingale, Isabelline Wheathear, Red-backed Shrike, Woodchat Shrike

Some birds species seen in Winter:
Robin, Corn Bunting, Song Thrush, Black Redstart, Chaffinch

Some birds species seen during the migration period:
Crag Martin, Wood Warbler, Wheathear, Black-eared Wheathear

Birds species seen throughout the year:
Warbler, Goldfinch, Greenfinch, Great Tit, Little Owl, Kestrel, Barn Owl, Peregrine, Chukar, Bonelli's Eagle

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